ASTM E141 - 10(2018) - Standard Practice for Acceptance of Evidence Based on the Results of Probability Sampling

ASTM E141 - 10(2018)

Standard Practice for Acceptance of Evidence Based on the Results of Probability Sampling

Status : Current   Published : April 2018



1.1 This practice presents rules for accepting or rejecting evidence based on a sample. Statistical evidence for this practice is in the form of an estimate of a proportion, an average, a total, or other numerical characteristic of a finite population or lot. It is an estimate of the result which would have been obtained by investigating the entire lot or population under the same rules and with the same care as was used for the sample.

1.2 One purpose of this practice is to describe straightforward sample selection and data calculation procedures so that courts, commissions, etc. will be able to verify whether such procedures have been applied. The methods may not give least uncertainty at least cost, they should however furnish a reasonable estimate with calculable uncertainty.

1.3 This practice is primarily intended for one-of-a-kind studies. Repetitive surveys allow estimates of sampling uncertainties to be pooled; the emphasis of this practice is on estimation of sampling uncertainty from the sample itself. The parameter of interest for this practice is effectively a constant. Thus, the principal inference is a simple point estimate to be used as if it were the unknown constant, rather than, for example, a forecast or prediction interval or distribution devised to match a random quantity of interest.

1.4 A system of units is not specified in this standard.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Standard NumberASTM E141 - 10(2018)
TitleStandard Practice for Acceptance of Evidence Based on the Results of Probability Sampling
Publication Date01 April 2018
Normative References(Required to achieve compliance to this standard)No other standards are normatively referenced
Informative References(Provided for Information)No other standards are informatively referenced
Descriptors audit subsample, standard error, skewness, sampling unit, sampling frame, sampling distribution, sample size, replicate subsamples, probability sampling, population parameter, interpenetrating subsamples, hypergeometric distribution, finite population correction, equal complete coverage, estimate, confidence limits, Audit subsample
File Size107 KB

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