BS EN 71-3:2019 Safety of toys. Migration of certain elements

BS EN 71-3:2019

Safety of toys. Migration of certain elements

Status : Current, Work in hand   Published : April 2019



What is this standard about?

This is the third in a (currently) 14-part series of mandated European standards on toy safety. This part exists to help minimize children’s exposure to certain potentially toxic elements when playing with toys.

Who is this standard for?

  • Toy testing laboratories
  • Toy trade associations
  • Toy manufacturers
  • Toy retailers
  • Consumer groups

Why should you use this standard?

This is a mandated standard under the Toy Safety Directive (2009/48/EC) and supports the essential requirements of the directive.

It specifies requirements and test methods for the migration of aluminium, antimony, arsenic, barium, boron, cadmium, chromium (III), chromium (VI), cobalt, copper, lead, manganese, mercury, nickel, selenium, strontium, tin, organic tin and zinc from toy materials and from parts of toys.

The standard provides a guide for the process to be followed and confirms which test methods must be used. It informs consumers what information they can expect from manufacturers and retailers, and gives manufacturers confidence that their product meets required industry standards.

NOTE: For the purposes of this standard, the likelihood of sucking, licking or swallowing toys is considered significant for the following toys and parts of toys:  

  • All toys intended to be put in the mouth or to the mouth, cosmetics toys and writing instruments categorized as toys can be considered to be sucked, licked or swallowed
  • All the accessible parts and components of toys intended for children up to 6 years of age can be considered to come into contact with the mouth. The likelihood of mouth contact with parts of toys intended for older children is not considered significant in most cases.

What’s changed since the last update?

Significant technical changes have been made since the last version (BS EN 71-3:2013+A3:2018) was published. These include:

a)      New terms and definitions have been introduced for sample and laboratory sample, and removed on limit of detection, limit of quantification and other material

b)     The limit values for Chromium (VI) for material category III have been adapted to the new legal limit values

c)      The list of reagents and apparatus has been revised

d)     Sampling and sample preparation have been revised and restructured to be more user-friendly

e)     The migration procedure has been revised and a more detailed pH checking procedure introduced

f)       The stabilization of the migration solution has been revised and the status of test methods changed to normative. Performance requirements concerning the use of modification to the annexes and alternatives to the specified test methods have been introduced

g)      The calculation has been revised

h)     Data on method performance have been introduced, in particular based on an inter-laboratory comparison

In addition new annexes have been introduced and revisions made to several of the existing annexes.

Standard NumberBS EN 71-3:2019
TitleSafety of toys. Migration of certain elements
StatusCurrent, Work in hand
Publication Date24 April 2019
Normative References(Required to achieve compliance to this standard)EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018
Informative References(Provided for Information)ISO 8124-3, ISO 22744
ReplacesBS EN 71-3:2013+A3:2018
International RelationshipsEN 71-3:2019
Draft Superseded By18/30368645 DC
DescriptorsCoatings, Accident prevention, Test specimens, Arsenic, Chemical analysis and testing, Antimony, Textiles, Toxic materials, Reports, Migration (chemical), Mercury, Ceramics, Leisure equipment, Paper, Chromium, Toys, Safety measures, Determination of content, Polymers, Board (paper), Solvent extraction methods, Metals, Plastics, Accuracy, Children, Selenium, Toxicity, Cadmium, Lead, Glass, Barium, Trace element analysis
Title in FrenchSécurité des jouets Migration de certains éléments
Title in GermanSicherheit von Spielzeug Migration bestimmter Elemente
ISBN978 0 580 51882 9
File Size1.126 MB

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