BS 9991:2015 Fire safety in the design, management and use of residential buildings. Code of practice
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BS 9991:2015

Fire safety in the design, management and use of residential buildings. Code of practice

Status : Current   Published : October 2015



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What is this standard about?

BS 9991 ensures that adequate fire safety measures are in place in residential buildings. This includes fire detection and alarm systems and fixed fire-fighting systems. 

Who is this standard for?

  • Architects
  • Fire safety engineers
  • Fire and rescue service
  • Fire risk assessors
  • Building control officers
  • Installers of fire and smoke alarms
  • Certification and installation scheme inspectors

Why should you use this standard? 

BS 9991 gives recommendations on the design, management and on-going use of fire safety measures through the entire lifecycle of a residential building. These include:

  • Dwellings (single-family dwelling houses, self-contained flats or maisonettes)
  • Residential accommodation blocks (e.g. for students or hospital staff), with individual bedrooms and the provision of kitchen/sanitary facilities constructed within a fire compartment
  • Specialized housing

The standard applies to the design of new buildings, and to material alterations, extensions and material changes of use to existing buildings. It includes guidance for designers to ensure that the overall design of a building assists and enhances the management of fire safety. The recommendations given are intended to safeguard the lives of building occupants and fire-fighters. 

It does not cover hotels, caravans/mobile homes, hospitals, residential care homes, places of lawful detention or hostels. 

What’s changed since the last update? 

The 2015 revision provides a full technical update and includes:

  • A change from “sheltered or extra care housing” to “specialized housing” 
  • Expanded recommendations for escape from basements
  • Updating of recommendations relating to lifts
  • New recommendations for power supplies
  • New recommendations for cluster accommodation
  • New guidance on the management of additional needs and disabilities
  • General update to take into account new and revised standards published since 2011

Standard NumberBS 9991:2015
TitleFire safety in the design, management and use of residential buildings. Code of practice
Publication Date31 October 2015
Cross ReferencesBS 476, BS 799-5, BS 3251, BS 4514, BS 5234, BS 5255, BS 5266-1, BS 5306-0, BS 5306-3, BS 5306-8, BS 5395-1, BS 5410-1, BS 5410-2, BS 5839, BS 5852, BS 5867-2:2008, BS 5906, BS 6180, BS 6262-4, BS 6263-2, BS 6400, BS 6644, BS 6798, BS 7157:1989, BS 7176, BS 7273-4, BS 7346-7, BS 7346-8, BS 7671, BS 8214, BS 8313, BS 8414-1, BS 8414-2, BS 8519:2010, BS 8524, BS 9251:2014, BS 9990, BS 9999, BS EN 3, BS EN 81, BS EN 1154, BS EN 1363, BS EN 1364, BS EN 1365, BS EN 1366, BS EN 1634-1, BS EN 1634-3:2004, BS EN 12101, BS EN 12845, BS EN 13501, BS EN 13823, BS EN 60947, BS EN ISO 1182, BS EN ISO 1716, BS ISO 3864-1, DD 8458-1, BR 135:2013, UKLPG Code of practice 1-2:2000, HSE Guidance note CS4:1986, BS 3632, BS 5516-2, BS 6891, BS 7346, BS 7974, BS 8300, BS 9266, BS 25999, BS EN 1155, BS EN 1991-1-2, BS EN ISO 11925-2, BS EN ISO 14122-4, DD ENV 1187:2002, PD 7974-5, PD 7974-6, Building Regulations 2010, Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005, Building (Amendment) (Wales) Regulations 2014, Building (Scotland) Regulations 2004, Building Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2012, Fire Safety (Scotla
ReplacesBS 9991:2011
Amended ByCorrigendum, November 2016
DescriptorsFlats, Housing, Fire detectors, Fire-escape routes, Domestic facilities, Fire alarms, Fire spread prevention, Lighting systems, Smoke control, Single-family dwellings, Structural fire protection, Construction systems parts, Stairs, Building services, Fire safety, Fire risks, Design, Fire doors, Structural design, Exits, Smoke detectors, Fire safety in buildings, Doors, Ventilation, Emergency exits, Buildings, Smoke, Residential facilities, Firefighting equipment, Fire resistance, Safety measures
ISBN978 0 580 96356 8
File Size2.739 MB

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