BS ISO 16049-2:2020 - Air cargo equipment. Restraint straps. Utilization requirements and recommendations and lashing calculations

BS ISO 16049-2:2020

Air cargo equipment. Restraint straps. Utilization requirements and recommendations and lashing calculations

Status : Current   Published : January 2020



This document aims at providing general utilization requirements and recommendations and calculation methods adequate to guarantee the effectiveness and ultimate load strength of tie-down/lashing arrangements performed to restrain cargo on board civil transport aircraft during flight:

  1. cargo loaded and tied down onto airworthiness approved air cargo pallets, themselves restrained into aircraft lower deck or main deck or upper deck cargo systems meeting the restraint requirements of air cargo pallets approved in accordance with ISO 8097 (NAS3610) or ISO 21100 , or

  2. additional tie-down on aircraft structure when necessitated by pallet maximum gross mass or centre of gravity limits, or

  3. non-unitized individual pieces of cargo, or pieces of cargo placed onto an unrestrained (“floating”) pallet into either lower deck, main deck or upper deck containerized cargo compartments of an aircraft, or

  4. individual pieces of load loaded in non-containerized (bulk loaded) baggage or cargo compartments.

This document applies to cargo tie-down/lashing arrangements using exclusively air cargo restraint straps conforming to ISO 16049-1. Its general recommendations may also be used for tie-down arrangements using other means (e.g. steel cables, rope, other types of straps), but under the user’s responsibility as to their adequacy and the strength calculations required.


Where tie-down is performed onto aircraft structure as per b) or c) above, additional restrictions can be stated in the aircraft's Authority approved Weight and Balance Manual.


The use of chains, rods, or other rigid devices for tie-down onto civil transport aircraft floor tracks, which can generate excessive stress in the aircraft structure, is not part of the scope of this document. .

This document aims at providing industry recognized means of complying with Airworthiness Authorities general requirements applicable to load securing on board civil transport aircraft (see CCAR-25, JAS Part 3, 14 CFR Part 25 and EASA CS-25), and aircraft manufacturers Authority approved Weight and Balance Manuals for each aircraft type as specified therein. It is not the intent of this document to specify when restraint straps should be used, but how they should be used.

Meeting the methods requirements of this document is not alone sufficient to ensure flight safety: this document is based on the assumption that cargo tie-down will be designed, performed, and checked prior to aircraft departure in accordance with appropriate operating instructions conforming to the Weight and Balance Manual of the aircraft concerned, by competent, suitably trained, personnel as defined for example in ISO 9001:2015, 6.2.2 (see Clause 8).

Standard NumberBS ISO 16049-2:2020
TitleAir cargo equipment. Restraint straps. Utilization requirements and recommendations and lashing calculations
Publication Date23 January 2020
Normative References(Required to achieve compliance to this standard)ISO 8097:2001, ISO 21100, ISO 9788, ISO 10254, ISO 16049-1, ISO 7166
Informative References(Provided for Information)ISO 9000:2015, SAE AS 5385D, ISO 21894, ISO 16412, SAE ARP 5595B, SAE AS 6554A
ReplacesBS ISO 16049-2:2013
International RelationshipsISO 16049-2:2020
Draft Superseded By18/30337681 DC
DescriptorsStraps, Holding devices, Materials handling components, Aircraft components, Load-restraint devices, Freight transport
ISBN978 0 580 93366 0
File Size1.462 MB

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