PAS 61:2006 Determination of priority pollutants in surface water using passive sampling

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PAS 61:2006

Determination of priority pollutants in surface water using passive sampling

Status : Withdrawn   Published : May 2006

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PAS 61 describes a method for the determination of time-weighted average concentrations of priority pollutants in surface water by passive sampling, followed by analysis.

It has been sponsored by the University of Portsmouth, UK and developed through the British Standards Institution (BSI) as a Work Package of an EU sponsored research project, to support the E U Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC).

Pollutant levels in surface water have traditionally been monitored by spot sampling (also known as bottle or grab sampling). Such sampling gives a snapshot of pollutant levels at a particular time. But pollutant levels in surface water have a tendency to fluctuate and so it is desirable to monitor pollutant levels over time.

Passive sampling involves the deployment of a calibrated device that uses a diffusion gradient to collect pollutants over a period of days to weeks, followed by extraction and analysis of the pollutants in a laboratory. This provides a measure of time-weighted average concentrations of pollutants to which the sampling device was exposed.

Passive sampling devices used in surface water typically consist of a receiving phase (typically a solvent or sorbent) that acts as a sink for compounds of interest, which may be held behind or surrounded by a membrane through which the target substances can permeate. In its simplest form a passive sampling device is comprised solely of a membrane, or fibre, or bulk sorbent which acts as a receiving phase.

Priority pollutants have been defined by the EU and are listed in Council Decision 2455/2001/EC.


1 Scope
2 Normative references
3 Terms and definitions
4 Principle
5 Handling sampling devices
6 Estimation of appropriate field deployment time
7 Sampling device preparation and assembly
8 Quality assurance
9 Selection of sampling site and safety precautions
10 Sampling device deployment and retrieval
11 Extraction of analytes from sampling devices and preparation for analysis
12 Analysis
13 Calculation
14 Test report
Annex A (informative) Relevant analytical methods (European and international standards)
Annex B (informative) Quality control measures

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Standard NumberPAS 61:2006
TitleDetermination of priority pollutants in surface water using passive sampling
Publication Date31 May 2006
Withdrawn Date24 May 2018
Cross ReferencesBS 6068-1.2, ISO 6107-2, BS 6068-6.4, ISO 5667-4, BS 6068-6.14, ISO 5667-14, BS EN 25667-1, BS 6068-6.1, ISO 5667-1, BS EN ISO 5667-3:2003, BS 6068-6.3:2003, BS ISO 5667-6, BS 6068-2.47:1995, ISO 11083:1994, BS EN 903, BS EN 1233, BS EN 1483, BS EN ISO 6878, BS EN 12260, BS EN 12673, BS EN 14207, BS EN ISO 5961, BS EN ISO 9562, BS EN ISO 10301, BS EN ISO 10304-1, BS EN ISO 10304-3, BS EN ISO 10304-4, BS EN ISO 10695, BS EN ISO 11732, BS EN ISO 11969, BS EN ISO 12020, BS EN ISO 15680, BS 6068-2, BS EN ISO 15681-1, BS EN ISO 15681-2, BS EN ISO 16588, EN ISO 23631, BS EN ISO 17353, BS ISO 18857-1, BS EN ISO 14644-1, DD ENV ISO 13530, 2455/2001/EC, 2000/60/EC
DescriptorsQuality, Quality control, Water, Water pollution, Chemical analysis and testing, Surface water, Chemical water pollutants, Sampling methods, Water testing, Sampling equipment
ISBN0 580 48149 2
File Size274 KB
NotesPAS 61:2006 has been withdrawn upon the publication of BS EN ISO 5667-23:2011. PAS 61:2006 was used as the draft document by the UK to put forward a new work item proposal to ISO and get approval for a new project that was published as BS EN ISO 5667-23:2011

*To ask about withdrawn titles contact the
BSI Customer Services, +44 345 086 9001
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