BS 8002:1994 - Code of practice for earth retaining structures – BSI British Standards

BS 8002:1994

Code of practice for earth retaining structures

Status : Superseded, Withdrawn   Published : April 1994 Replaced By : BS 8002:2015, BS EN 1997-1:2004+A1:2013

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This British Standard code of practice applies to the design and construction of structures to retain soils and materials with similar engineering properties, at slopes steeper than those which they would naturally assume. It provides guidance for a designer, conversant with theoretical and applied soil mechanics and experienced in structural design and construction. The code is applicable to walls with a retained height of up to about 15 m.

This code of practice is divided into four sections.

Section 1 explains the factors influencing the choice of a retaining wall.

Section 2 describes the site and geotechnical data that is required together with material properties. It gives guidance on the determination of the values of representative soil strength necessary for design purposes.

Section 3 identifies the design philosophy and the design methods for earth retaining structures, including the determination of earth pressures and the analysis of overall stable equilibrium.

Section 4 considers various individual types of structure and application of earth pressure theory together with matters of construction and maintenance.

The main changes in the design of earth retaining structures in this code of practice are:

a) the recognition that effective stress analysis is the main basis for the assessment of earth pressures with total (undrained) stress analysis being important for some walls during or immediately following construction;

b) the need to take account of the effect of movement (or lack of it) upon the resulting earth pressures on the wall.

Standard NumberBS 8002:1994
TitleCode of practice for earth retaining structures
StatusSuperseded, Withdrawn
Publication Date15 April 1994
Withdrawn Date30 June 2015
Normative References(Required to achieve compliance to this standard)BS 187:1978, BS 443:1982, BS 449-2:1969, BS 729:1971, BS 743:1970, BS 882:1992, BS 1047:1983, BS 1052:1980, BS 1377-2:1990, BS 1377-3:1990, BS 1377-5:1990, BS 1377-6:1990, BS 1377-7:1990, BS 1377-8:1990, BS 1377-9:1990, BS 3921:1985, BS 4102:1990, BS 4360:1990, BS 4729:1990, BS 4921:1988, BS 5268-2:1991, BS 5268-3:1985, BS 5268-5:1989, BS 5328-1:1991, BS 5328-2:1991, BS 5390:1976, BS 5400-1:1988, BS 5400-2:1978, BS 5400-4:1990, BS 5400-7:1978, BS 5400-8:1978, BS 5493:1977, BS 5589:1989, BS 5628-1:1992, BS 5628-2:1985, BS 5628-3:1985, BS 5642-2:1983, BS 5930:1981, BS 6073-1:1981, BS 6073-2:1981, BS 6349-1:1984, BS 6349-2:1988, BS 6349-3:1988, BS 6349-4:1985, BS 6349-5:1991, BS 6349-6:1989, BS 6349-7:1991, BS 6457:1984, BS 6649:1985, BS 8004:1986, BS 8006, BS 8007:1987, BS 8081:1989, BS 8110-1:1985, BS 8110-2:1985, BS EN 10025:1990
Informative References(Provided for Information)BS 1377-1:1990, BS 1377-4:1990, BS 3921:1985, BS 5837:1991, BS 5950-1:1990, BS 5950-5:1987, BS 6031:1981, DD ENV 1992-1-1:1991
Replaced ByBS 8002:2015, BS EN 1997-1:2004+A1:2013
Amended ByAMD 13386
AMD 12062
AMD 8851
AMD 13386 is a Corrigendum.
Draft Superseded By99/107881 DC87/14383 DC
DescriptorsRetaining structures, Earthworks, Land retention works, Structures, Retaining walls, Walls, Design, Soils, Silt, Rocks, Failure (mechanical), Structural failure, Structural design, Stone, Clay, Loading, Concretes, Foundations, Masonry work, Mortars, Piles, Piling, Corrosion, Cofferdams, Embankments, Water retention and flow works, Maritime structures, Drainage, Bibliography
Title in FrenchCode de pratique pour structures de retenue de terre
Title in GermanAnleitung fuer die Praxis bei Strukturen fuer Erdbefestigung
ISBN0 580 22826 6
File Size5.248 MB
NotesThis standard was withdrawn in error and has been reinstated as current.

*To ask about withdrawn titles contact the
Customer Relations, +44 345 086 9001
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