BS 4428:1989 - Code of practice for general landscape operations (excluding hard surfaces) – BSI British Standards

BS 4428:1989

Code of practice for general landscape operations (excluding hard surfaces)

Status : Current, Confirmed   Published : August 1989



Code of practice for general landscape operations (excluding hard surfaces)

Executive summary

Recommendations for general landscape operations.


This British Standard code of practice gives recommendations for the following general landscape operations (excluding hard surfaces):

a) preliminary investigations;

b) drainage;

c) grading and cultivation;

d) seeding of grass areas;

e) turfing;

f) amenity tree planting;

g) woodland planting;

h) planting of shrubs, herbaceous plants and bulbs.

The recommendations of the code of practice take account of current techniques, equipment and materials; and are restricted to general landscape operations. Intensively used and specialized sports areas such as playing fields, bowling greens, cricket tables and golf greens are not covered.

History and related standards:

This British Standard is a revision of BS 4428:1969, which is withdrawn. It draws attention to BS 3998, BS 4043 and BS 5837.

Standard NumberBS 4428:1989
TitleCode of practice for general landscape operations (excluding hard surfaces)
StatusCurrent, Confirmed
Publication Date31 August 1989
Confirm Date24 May 2021
Normative References(Required to achieve compliance to this standard)No other standards are normatively referenced
Informative References(Provided for Information)No other standards are informatively referenced
ReplacesBS 4428:1969
Amended ByAMD 6784
DescriptorsTrees (plants), Site investigations, Fences, Shrubs, Arboriculture, Landscaping, Sowing, Design, Levelling, Soils, Agronomy, Bulbs, Drainage, Planting, Plants, Ground-water drainage, Land drainage works, Turf, Staking (plants), Construction operations, Physical planning, Urban and rural works
Title in FrenchTravaux dans le domaine de l'architecture de paysage. Code de bonne pratique
Title in GermanLeitfaden zu Arbeiten im Rahmen der Landschaftsgestaltung
ISBN0 580 17194 9
File Size682 KB

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