BS 9991:2015 Fire safety in the design, management and use of residential buildings. Code of practice
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BS 9991:2015

Fire safety in the design, management and use of residential buildings. Code of practice

Status : Current, Under review   Published : October 2015



BS 9991:2015 Fire safety in the design, management and use of residential buildings. Code of practice

BS 9991 exists to help people put adequate fire safety measures in place in residential buildings. This includes fire detection and alarm systems and fixed fire-fighting systems. The 2015 revision provides a full technical update, to take into account new and revised standards published since its last publication, in 2011.

What is BS 9991:2015?

BS 9991 gives recommendations and guidance on the design, management and use of residential buildings so that they attain reasonable standards of fire safety for all the people who are in and around them. It covers: 

  • Dwellings (single-family dwelling houses, self-contained flats or maisonettes)
  • Residential accommodation blocks (e.g. for students or hospital staff), with individual bedrooms and the provision of kitchen/sanitary facilities constructed within a fire compartment
  • Specialized housing

The standard applies to the design of new buildings, and to material alterations, extensions and material changes of use to existing buildings. It does not cover hotels, caravans/mobile homes, hospitals, residential care homes, places of lawful detention or hostels. 

BS 9991:2015 also provides guidance on the ongoing management of fire safety in a building throughout the entire lifecycle of the building. This includes guidance for designers to ensure that the overall design of a building assists and enhances the management of fire safety. The recommendations and guidance given are intended to safeguard the lives of building occupants and fire-fighters. 

What’s new on BS 9991:2015?

 BS 9991:2015 presents some major changes, which include:

  • Change from “sheltered or extra care housing” to “specialized housing” and expansion of related recommendations
  • Expanded recommendations for escape from basements
  • Updating of recommendations relating to lifts
  • New recommendations for power supplies
  • New recommendations for cluster accommodation
  • New guidance on the management of additional needs and disabilities
  • General update to take into account new and revised standards published since 2011

Who should use BS 9991:2015?

This standard was written for: 

  • Architects
  • Fire safety engineers
  • Fire and rescue service
  • Fire risk assessors
  • Building control officers
  • Installers of fire and smoke alarms
  • Certification and installation scheme inspectors

How does BS 9991 relate to BS 9999?

BS 9991 complements and aligns with BS 9999, which is a code of practice for fire safety in the design, management and use of buildings that are not residential. BS 9991:2015 will align with the revised BS 9999, which will be published in 2016. Sign-up here to keep up-to-date with all the revision new about BS 9999.  

Standard NumberBS 9991:2015
TitleFire safety in the design, management and use of residential buildings. Code of practice
StatusCurrent, Under review
Publication Date31 October 2015
Normative References(Required to achieve compliance to this standard)BS 5852, BS EN ISO 1716, BR 135:2013, BS 7346-8, BS 5255, BS 6262-4:2018, BS EN 1634-3:2004, BS 5410-2:2018, BS 5306-3:2017, BS 9251:2014, BS 7157:1989, BS 8519:2010, BS 5867-2:2008, BS EN 60947, BS 6798, BS 6263-2, BS 5395-1, BS EN 12845, BS 7346-7, BS 5306-0, BS EN 1634-1, BS 5266-1, BS 3251, BS 5839, UKLPG Code of practice 1-2:2000, BS 476, BS 8414-2, BS EN 81, BS 8524, BS EN ISO 1182, BS EN 1363, BS 6180, BS 4514, BS 7671, BS EN 1366, BS EN 12101, DD 8458-1, BS EN 1364, BS EN 3, BS 5906, BS 5306-8, BS EN 1365, BS 8214, BS 7273-4, BS 6400, BS 799-5, BS ISO 3864-1, BS 9990, BS 5410-1, BS 5234, BS 9999, HSE Guidance note CS4:1986, BS 6644, BS 8414-1, BS 7176, BS 8313, BS EN 13823, BS EN 13501, BS EN 1154
Informative References(Provided for Information)DD ENV 1187:2002, Construction Products Regulations 2013, Fire Safety Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2010, BS 7974, PD 7974-5, Pipelines Safety Regulations 1996, BS 9266, 2010, Fire Safety (Scotland) Regulations 2006, BS 3632, BS EN 1155, Gas Safety (Installation and Use) Regulations 1998, Building (Scotland) Regulations 2004, Construction (Design and Management) Regulations, BS 7346, (Northern Ireland) 2007, Building Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2012, Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015, HSG 168:2010, BS 6891, BS EN 1991-1-2, Building (Amendment) (Wales) Regulations 2014, BR 187:1991, BS 5516-2, Building Regulations 2000, Equality Act 2010, Furniture and Furnishings (Fire) (Safety) Regulations, BS EN ISO 11925-2, BRE DG 208:1988, BR 274:1994, Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005, BS 25999, Petroleum (Consolidation) Regulations 2014, BS EN ISO 14122-4, Regulations 2002, Housing Act 2004, Building Regulations 2010, BS 8300, PD 7974-6, Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres
ReplacesBS 9991:2011
Amended ByCorrigendum, November 2016
DescriptorsFlats, Housing, Fire detectors, Fire-escape routes, Domestic facilities, Fire alarms, Fire spread prevention, Lighting systems, Smoke control, Single-family dwellings, Structural fire protection, Construction systems parts, Stairs, Building services, Fire safety, Fire risks, Design, Fire doors, Structural design, Exits, Smoke detectors, Fire safety in buildings, Doors, Ventilation, Emergency exits, Buildings, Smoke, Residential facilities, Firefighting equipment, Fire resistance, Safety measures
ISBN978 0 580 96356 8
File Size2.739 MB

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