BS EN ISO 13854:2019
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BS EN ISO 13854:2019

Safety of machinery. Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body

Status : Current   Published : October 2019



What is this standard about?

This is a basic machine safety standard specifying minimum gaps to avoid parts of the human hand and body being crushed in a machine. 

Who is this standard for?

  • Machine manufacturers
  • Health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance, etc.)
  • Machine users/employers
  • Machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs)
  • Service providers, e.g. for maintenance
  • Consumers (where machinery is intended for use by consumers)

Why should you use this standard?

It enables users to avoid hazards from crushing zones by specifying minimum gaps relative to parts of the human body. It applies when adequate safety can be achieved by this method.

In specifying minimum gaps a number of aspects are taken into consideration, including:

  • Accessibility of the crushing zones
  • Anthropometric data
  • Technical and practical aspects

 Users of this document will be able to: 

  • Identify crushing hazards
  • Assess the risks from these hazards in accordance with BS EN ISO 12100 on risk-assessing the design of safe machinery

NOTE: This document applies to risks from crushing hazards only and does not apply to other possible hazards, e.g. impact, shearing and drawing-in, for which additional or other measures are to be taken.

What’s changed since the last update?

This second edition is a minor revision of the first edition (ISO 13854:1996) to bring it up to date. It also replaces the current BS EN 349.

Standard NumberBS EN ISO 13854:2019
TitleSafety of machinery. Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body
Publication Date03 October 2019
Cross ReferencesISO 12100:2010, ISO 13857
ReplacesBS EN 349:1993+A1:2008
International RelationshipsEN ISO 13854:2019,ISO 13854:2017
DescriptorsCrushing (accident), Accident prevention, Equipment safety, Ergonomics, Safety measures, Anthropometric characteristics, Zones of reach, Occupational safety, Human body
Title in FrenchSécurité des machines. Écartements minimaux pour prévenir les risques d'écrasement de parties du corps humain
Title in GermanSicherheit von Maschinen. Mindestabstände zur Vermeidung des Quetschens von Körperteilen
ISBN978 0 580 86784 2
File Size861 KB

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