BS EN 71-1:2014 Safety of toys. Mechanical and physical properties

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BS EN 71-1:2014

Safety of toys. Mechanical and physical properties

Status : Current, Work in hand   Published : November 2014



BS EN 71-1:2014 Safety of toys. Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties


This standard is Part 1 of the European Standard for safety of toys, EN 71.

It supersedes EN 71-1:2011+A3:2014.

BS EN 71-1:2014 is the first part of the European Standard on the safety of toys which consists of the following parts:  

Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties [this standard]
Part 2: Flammability
Part 3: Migration of certain elements
Part 4: Experimental sets for chemistry and related activities
Part 5: Chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets

Part 6: Graphical symbols for age warning labeling. The standard has been withdrawn
Part 7: Finger paints, Requirements and test methods
Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use
Part 9: Organic chemical compounds – Requirements
Part 10: Organic chemical compounds – Sample preparation and extraction
Part 11: Organic chemical compounds – Methods of analysis
Part 12: N-Nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable substances
Part 13: Olfactory board games, cosmetic kits and gustative games
Part 14: Trampolines for domestic use.

NB: For the safety of electric toys see: BS EN 62115: Electric toys. Safety

Who is the standard for?

The standard is for anyone who wants to maintain conformity with the European Toy Safety directive. Specifically it will be essential reading for: 

  • Toy manufacturers wishing to comply with the provisions of the Toys (Safety) Regulations 2011 for toys placed on the market after 19 August 2011
  • Their authorised representatives
  • Importers of toys
  • Distributors of toys

The standard also informs consumers of what information they can expect from manufacturers and retailers. 

What does the standard cover?

This standard specifies the requirements and methods of tests for mechanical and physical properties of toys.

It applies to toys for children, toys being any product or material designed or intended, whether or not exclusively, for use in play by children of less than 14 years. It refers to new toys taking into account the period of foreseeable and normal use, and that the toys are used as intended or in a foreseeable way, bearing in mind the behaviour of children.

It includes specific requirements for toys intended for children under 36 months, children under 18 months and for children who are too young to sit up unaided. According to Directive 2009/48/EC “intended for use by” means that a parent or supervisor shall reasonably be able to assume by virtue of the functions, dimensions and characteristics of a toy that it is intended for use by children of the stated age group. Therefore, for the purpose of this European Standard, e.g. soft-filled toys with simple features intended for holding and cuddling are considered as toys intended for children under 36 months.

NOTE Information relating to the age grading of toys and, in particular, which toys are intended for children under 36 months and which toys are not, can be found in the CEN Report CR 14379, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) Age determination guidelines, CEN/CENELEC Guide 11 and the European Commission’s Guidance Documents.

This European Standard also specifies requirements for packaging, marking and labelling.

It does not cover musical instruments, sports equipment or similar items but does include their toy counterparts.

This European Standard does not apply to the following toys:

  • playground equipment intended for public use;
  • automatic playing machines, whether coin operated or not, intended for public use;
  • toy vehicles equipped with combustion engines (see A.2);
  • toy steam engines;
  • slings and catapults.

Items that are propelled into free flight by a child releasing an elastic band (e.g. aeroplanes and rockets) are considered as catapults (see the 5th indent above).This European Standard does not cover electrical safety aspects of toys. These are covered by EN 62115.Furthermore, it does not cover the following items which, for the purpose of this European Standard, are not considered as toys:

a) decorative objects for festivities and celebrations;

b) products for collectors, provided that the product or its packaging bears a visible and legible indication that it is intended for collectors of 14 years of age and above; examples of this category are:

  1. detailed and faithful scale models (see A.2);
  2. kits for the assembly of detailed scale models;
  3. folk dolls and decorative dolls and other similar articles;
  4. historical replicas of toys;
  5. reproductions of real fire arms;

c) sports equipment including roller skates, inline skates, and skateboards intended for children with a body mass of more than 20 kg;

d) bicycles with a maximum saddle height of more than 435 mm, measured as the vertical distance from the ground to the top of the seat surface, with the seat in a horizontal position and with the seat pillar set to the minimum insertion mark;

e) scooters and other means of transport designed for sport or which are intended to be used for travel on public roads or public pathways;

f) electrically driven vehicles which are intended to be used for travel on public roads, public pathways, or the pavement thereof;

g) aquatic equipment intended to be used in deep water, and swimming learning devices for children, such as swim seats and swimming aids;

h) puzzles with more than 500 pieces;

i) guns and pistols using compressed gas, with the exception of water guns and water pistols;

j) bows for archery over 120 cm long;

k) fireworks, including percussion caps which are not specifically designed for toys;

l) products and games using sharp-pointed missiles, such as sets of darts with metallic points;

m) functional educational products, such as electric ovens, irons or other functional products, as defined in EU Directive 2009/48/EC, operated at a nominal voltage exceeding 24 V which are sold exclusively for teaching purposes under adult supervision;

n) products intended for use for educational purposes in schools and other pedagogical contexts under the surveillance of an adult instructor, such as science equipment;

o) electronic equipment, such as personal computers and game consoles, used to access interactivesoftware and their associated peripherals, unless the electronic equipment or the associated peripherals are specifically designed for and targeted at children and have a play value on their own, such as specially designed personal computers, key boards, joy sticks or steering wheels;

p) interactive software, intended for leisure and entertainment, such as computer games, and their storage media, such as CDs;

q) babies' soothers;

r) child-appealing luminaires;

s) electrical transformers for toys;

t) fashion accessories for children which are not for use in play (see A.2);

u) personal protective equipment, including flotation aids such as arm bands and swim seats (see A.23);

and swimming goggles, sunglasses and other eye protectors as well as bicycle and skateboard helmets (see A.19).

In the scope, a number of toys are listed which this standard does not apply to. “Slings and catapults” includes slingshots but also, according to a communication from the EU Commission in 1992, toys (e.g. aeroplanes and rockets) which are propelled into free flight by a child releasing an elastic band.

In addition, a number of products are listed which, for the purpose of this standard, are not considered as toys.

However, some comments are considered to be necessary:

  • “toy vehicles equipped with combustion engines” also includes the engine itself as well as spare parts;
  • “detailed and faithful scale models” covers, for example, replicas of ships;
  • the exemption for “Fashion accessories for children which are not for use in play” does not apply to jewellery with play value, for instance jewellery sold with toy disguise costumes and (imitation) jewellery to be assembled by the child himself (for classification of toy creative kits, see European Commission’s guidance document).

It should also be observed that the CE-marking is not to be affixed to products or toys excluded from this European Standard unless an EC-type examination certificate has been issued under Directive 2009/48/EC, or if the product falls under the scope of another EU Directive which requires the affixing of the CE-marking.

How has the standard been amended?

The following significant editorial and technical changes have been implemented in this new edition:

  • The foreword has been updated according to new parts in the EN 71 series.
  • The wording of the note in 5.2 b) has been aligned with the wording of the first indent under 5.1
  • In 5.4 and 8.39 the text “more than 6 mm” has been added
  • Annex B – Significant technical changes between this European Standard and the previous version, has been deleted

Furthermore it has been necessary due to rules contained in the CEN/CENELEC Internal regulations – Part 3 to change some of the notes:

  • 4.25 - The content of the Note regarding the Directive 2009/48/C has been moved to the end of A.55.
  • Clause 5 - The first sentence in the original Clause 5 has been inserted at the very beginning of A.26.
  • The content of the Note regarding the Directive 2009/48/C has been moved to the end of A.26.
  • Clause 7 - The content of the Note regarding the Directive 2009/48/C has been moved to the end of A.33 and the first sentence has been changed.
  • 7.1 - The Note has been made normative.
  • 8.10.3 - Note 1 and 2 have been made normative:
  • 8.12.3 - In the Note, the word "may" has been changed to "can".
  • 8.15 - The Note has been made normative.
  • - In the four Notes, "should be" has been replaced with "It is appropriate to..".
  • 28.1.4 - The former Note has been changed ("should be" has been replaced by "It is appropriate to..").

BS EN 71-1:2014     

EN 71-1:2014 (E)

  • 10
  • - In the Note, the word "may" has been changed to "can".
  • 8.34.2 - The former Note has been made normative.

Standard NumberBS EN 71-1:2014
TitleSafety of toys. Mechanical and physical properties
StatusCurrent, Work in hand
Publication Date30 November 2014
Cross ReferencesEN 71-8, EN 15649-3, EN 50332-1, EN 61672-1, IEC 61672-1, EN ISO 868, ISO 868, EN ISO 3744, ISO 3744, EN ISO 3745, ISO 3745, EN ISO 3746, ISO 3746, EN ISO 4287, ISO 4287, EN ISO 6508-1, ISO 6508-1, EN ISO 11201, ISO 11201, EN ISO 11202, ISO 11202, ISO 4593, ISO 7619-2, IEC/TS 60318-7, CFR Title 16 Part 1000, ASTM F963, EN 14619, EN ISO 8098, ISO 8098, EN 62115, IEC 62115, ISO/IEC Guide 37:2012, CEN/CENELEC Guide 11, CR 14379:2002, CEN/TR 13387, Regulation (EC) No 765/2008, 2009/48/EC, EN 13613, EN 13843, EN 13899, 2007/184/EC, 2003/10/EC, ISO/IEC Guide 98-3, GUM:1995, 2009/48/EC, URN 97/944, EN 60318-4, IEC 60318-4
ReplacesBS EN 71-1:2011+A3:2014
International RelationshipsEN 71-1:2014
Draft Superseded By14/30301841 DC
DescriptorsToys, Safety measures, Mechanical properties of materials, Physical properties of materials, Mechanical testing, Physical testing, Baby toys, Soft toys, Packaging, Marking, Labels, Age, Graphic symbols
Title in FrenchSécurité des jouets. Propriétés mécaniques et physiques
Title in GermanSicherheit von Spielzeug. Mechanische und physikalische Eigenschaften
ISBN978 0 580 86743 9
File Size3.633 MB

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