BS EN ISO 14577-4:2016 Metallic materials. Instrumented indentation test for hardness and materials parameters. Test method for metallic and non-metallic coatings
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BS EN ISO 14577-4:2016

Metallic materials. Instrumented indentation test for hardness and materials parameters. Test method for metallic and non-metallic coatings

Status : Current   Published : December 2016



What is this standard about?

This fourth part of ISO 14577 describes a way to test the hardness of metallic and non-metallic coatings. It is particularly suitable for testing in the nano/micro range applicable to thin coatings. 

Who is this standard for?

Manufacturers, specifiers and customers of coated metallic products.

Why should you use this standard? 

This standard provides guidelines for conditions where a significant influence of the substrate is detected and provides possible analytical methods to enable the coating properties to be extracted from the composite measurement. In some cases the coating property can be determined directly from measurements on a cross-section. 

The test method is not limited to any particular type of material. Metallic, non-metallic and organic coatings are included in the scope of this part of ISO 14577. 

Although this test method is limited to the examination of single layers, when the indentation is carried out normal to the test piece surface, graded and multilayer coatings can also be measured in cross-section if the thickness of the individual layers or gradations is greater than the spatial resolution of the indentation process.

This part of ISO 14577 can only measure hardness if the indenter is a pyramid or a cone with a radius of tip curvature small enough for plastic deformation to occur within the coating. The hardness of visco-elastic materials, or materials exhibiting significant creep will be strongly affected by the time taken to perform the test.

NOTE 1: Parts 1 – 3 of this standard define usage of instrumented indentation testing of bulk materials over all force and displacement ranges.

NOTE 2: This test method is not needed if the indentation depth is so small that in any possible case a substrate influence can be neglected and the coating can be considered as a bulk material. Limits for such cases are given.

NOTE 3: The analysis used here does not make any allowances for pile-up or sink-in of indents. Use of Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) to assess the indent shape allows the determination of possible pile-up or sink-in of the surface around the indent. These surface effects result in an under-estimate (pile-up) or over-estimate (sink-in) of the contact area in the analysis and hence may influence the measured results. Pile-up generally occurs for fully work-hardened materials. Pile-up of soft, ductile materials is more likely for thinner coatings due to the constraint of the stresses in the zone of plastic deformation in the coating. It has been reported that the piled up material results in an effective increase of the contact area for the determination of hardness, while the effect is less pronounced for the determination of indentation modulus, since the piled up material behaves less rigidly [1], [2].

What’s changed since the last update?

The standard was systematically reviewed by technical experts to ensure its continued market relevance. This standard is a technical revision of the 2007 version which has been withdrawn.

Standard NumberBS EN ISO 14577-4:2016
TitleMetallic materials. Instrumented indentation test for hardness and materials parameters. Test method for metallic and non-metallic coatings
Publication Date31 December 2016
Normative References(Required to achieve compliance to this standard)ISO 14577-2:2015, ISO 14577-1:2015, ISO/IEC Guide 98-3:2008
Informative References(Provided for Information)ISO 4287, ISO 14577-3, ISO/IEC 17025, ISO 3270, ISO 1514, ISO 2808
ReplacesBS EN ISO 14577-4:2007
International RelationshipsEN ISO 14577-4:2016,ISO 14577-4:2016
Draft Superseded By15/30268151 DC
DescriptorsNon-metallic coatings, Metal coatings, Mechanical testing, Hardness testers, Hardness, Coatings, Test equipment, Hardness testing, Organic coatings, Metals
Title in FrenchMatériaux métalliques. Essai de pénétration instrumenté pour la détermination de la dureté et de paramètres des matériaux. Méthode d'essai pour les revêtements métalliques et non métalliques
Title in GermanMetallische Werkstoffe. Instrumentierte Eindringprüfung zur Bestimmung der Härte und anderer Werkstoffparameter. Prüfverfahren für metallische und nichtmetalische Schichten
ISBN978 0 580 79989 1
File Size2.558 MB

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